Qelizaperbehet nga:muri qelizor, plastidet(plastet),mitokondritë,ribozomet,retikulumiendoplazmatik,berthama,aparati i golgjit,lilozomet,centrozomi.
MURI QELIZOR--gjendetvetemteqelizat bimore ,eshte i fort,elastik.roli i muritqelizoreshte nepercaktimin eformes seqelizes , dhe neqarkullimin e lendeve te3ndryishme organike dhejoorganike nemesqelizave nesaje te prezences se poreve ne te.
PROTOPLAZMA--e perbejnecitoplazma dhe organoidet tecilat kryejnefunksion tecaktuar jetsoredhe kan ndertim teveqante.
CITOPLAZMA--,si pjese themeloree protoplazmes ,eshte masë gjysme e lëngët ,pangjyre e tejdukshme,mes veti ngjitse dhereflekton driten me teper se uji.Necitoplazmegjinden:plastidet,mitokondrit,ribozomet,diktiozomet,lilozomet,sferozomet,centriolet,dheretikulumi endoplazmatik.
PLASTIDET---gjendet vetem teqelizat bimore .Mungojne tedisa bakterije dhe te te gjitha kepurdhat.Varesishtnga prania epigmenteve plastidet ndahen ne3 grupe:kloroplastet,kromoplastet,leukuplastet.
KLOROPLASTET--, kanengjyre te gjelbere cila vjen nga prania e pigmentit tequajtur klorofil, e cila merr pjese neprocesin efotozintezes .Gjendet e gjethe ,ne filizaereja nefryte .
KROMOPLASTET--,jane me ngjyre te verdhe,te kuqe portokalli dhe te kuqe e qelet.Japin ngjyren e shum bimeve si:lulediellit,zhabines,luleshurdhes.Ju jepedhefrytevesi: domates specit,limonit,kajsisë.
nuk marrin pjese neprocesin efotosintezes
LEUKUPLASTET--jane plastidepa ngjyre sepse nuk permbajne pigmenete .neto krojohetshiqeridhe proteinat.nuk marrin pjese ne procesin efotosintezes.
MITOKONDRIT---janetrupa te pangjyr te vendosura necitoplazme nukgjendet te bakterietdhealgat blu te gjelbra .kaneforme topthash ose shkopinjesh,janeqendra efrymarrjess e qelizes.
RIBOZOMET--janeformasferikedhegjenden te qelizat e te gjithaqenieve te gjalla .Ne tekryhetsintezae matierjeve ushqyese(proteinave).
RETIKULUMI EDOPLAZMATIK--perbehet prej sistemit te kanaleve tedegzuarqesherbejne per transportin eshumë matierjeve ,ne tejane tevendosuraribozomet
BERTHAMA--eshtepjesee pandaree qelizave te gjalla .nese berthama ndahet prej qelizesajo vdes.rendomneqelizgjindet vetem njebertham porka qelizaqekanedheme shum berthama neberthamgjinden kromozomettecilat janebartese te trashigemis .
RINOFITE--konsiderohen sibime teparatoksorme tufaperquese dhegojza esot konsiderohensi bimefosile .
RINIOFITET janegrup shumei rendesishem i bimeve tezhdukura sepsengakygrup mendohet se kane origjinen bimet elarta .
PSILOTOFITE---neketegrup bejne pjese nje grup i vogel ifiernave ,bimet sesodit jaen parrenje kane gjethe te vogla lospore dhedegzim dikodomik
Ndertimi i tufave perquese eshtee nivel me te lart s esariniofitet.
LIKOPODIOFITET(lycopodyophyta)--kydivizion kryesisht bimet e zhdukura rreth400 milion vite .
Dallohen prej fdiernave tetjera nga3 veqeri : prania etri organevevegjetative me gjethete vogla menije tufe perquese (mikrofolie),sporangjeevendosura ne sqetull te gjethit ,dhe paraqitjes sedy llojeve tesporangjeve(mikrosporet dhe makrosporet).
Likopodiofitet kane nje klasdhe3 rende ,klasa eshte LIKOPODIOPSIDAndersa renset jane :ISOTALES LIKOPODIALES SELAGINELLALLES.
EKUIZETOFITA(equisetophyta)--perfaqsues me i njohur eshte rreth EQUIZETUMmerreth 30 lloje teperhapura neper tere boten qequhetKEPUTJE.
Rritet ne vende:ligatina,livadhe ,lageshti,buze prrojeve dhe ne vende me hije .
ekuizetophytaka2kercell njeri eshte FERTIL dheidytiSTERIL.
FERTIL--cikli i shumimit ,,STERIL ---per ushqim.
POLIPODIOFITE(POLYPODIOPHYTA)--perfaqsueseshte FIERSHQIPJA (pteridium aquilium) me gjethependore dherritetbuzepyllit te prere .
Format egjetheve tellojit tesotemeshtetetipit MEGAFIL ,janegrup mjaftheterogjen sipasformes dhepamjes ku krijojneizo dhe heterospore .
polipodiofitetizosporekrijojnespore te njellojta mesporangjet e tyre.
Persporangjet e tyrejane tedy llojta :EUSPORANGIATA DHE LEKTOSPORANGIATA.
Eursporangiata muri i sporanguteshte i trash ,shumshtresor dhe nuk kane mekanizmaperhapje .
Lektosporangiata sporangu ne gjendje te pjekur ,eshtenjeshtresor dhe ka nje mekanizem perhapje.
Viruset kaneforma te ndryshme pormes e shumti paraqiten neformecilindrike dhe ovale . ato jane teper te imta sa mun teshihen vetem memikroskop .viruset nuk kanendertimqelizor porperbehen vetem ngaacidi nukleikdhemembranaproteinike.
Tegjitheviruset janeparazitdhedallohen ngagjallesat e tjeranjeqelizoe ,sepse mund territen eteshumohen vetemmbrenda qelizave tegjalla .Viruset janeshkaktar teshumsmundjeve qeshkaktohen nga veprimi iviruseve tendryshme ,sifruthi ,lija ,terbimi,paralizaefemijeve ,polimeliteti,SIDA etj.
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